We at IMAM support evidence based practice

The IMAM Research Team consists of healthcare practitioners in all of health related practice, including education, ethics, humanitarian and medical relief work – many of them a part of our very own Executive Committee!


aims to understand the needs and development and enhancement of new or existing ideas and efforts,

all while improving IMAM scholars in areas involving IMAM-related activities.


Azlan Helmy Abd Samat, Aneesa Abdul Rashid, Nur Asyikin Mohd Yunus, Ahmad Munawwar Helmi Salim and Husna Musa

A Malaysian Medical Non-Governmental Organization’s (NGO) Experience in the Emergency Response for COVID-19, Using the Whole-of-Society Collaborative Concept

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are one of the important players during a pandemic, including the Islamic Medical Association of Malaysia (IMAM) Response and Relief Team (IMARET). During the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, IMARET played a key role in assisting health relief efforts in Malaysia. We are sharing this experience as a medical NGO’s response to the pandemic. This report presents data from the March 18 to June 10, 2020, retrieved from IMARET’s database with approval from the Executive Committee and the IMARET COVID-19 Task Force. We report that IMARET’s task force consists of 30 people, mostly medical doctors. Supplies distributed included personal protective equipment with other medical equipment, such as portable ultrasounds and ventilators. IMARET engaged with 33 collaborators and 92 partners and funders. There were 135 volunteers with the majority being medical volunteers. IMARET raised more than RM $3 million (US $740 000) garnering support from over 40 000 donors in 85 days. In conclusion, NGOs play a significant role that effectively enhance and complement the consolidated works by the authorities and public in the effort to overcome COVID-19 challenges.

Ahmad Rashidi Mohamed Tahir, Xuan Wen Ee, Aneesa Abdul Rashid, Ahmad Yusuf bin Yahaya & Navin Kumar Devaraj

The Proportion of Infectious Disease Cases, Its Associated Factors, and the Appropriateness of Antimicrobial Prescription Among Rohingya Refugee Pediatric Patients in IMARET Mobile Clinics

The Rohingyas fled from their home to escape ethnic persecution. Due to their status as refugees they have difficulties in accessing healthcare leading to avoidable mortality and morbidity. Infectious diseases are reported to be among the causes. To ease access to healthcare, IMAM Response and Relief Team (IMARET) provides a free monthly clinic for them. The objective of this study is to determine the proportion of infectious diseases and appropriateness of antimicrobial usage among its pediatrics patients. It was conducted in 2017, through universal sampling. Information retrieved were via interviews and medical records. The majority diagnosis were infectious diseases (57.1%), which include respiratory infections (77.3%), skin (13.6%), gastrointestinal (4.5%), eye and ear infection (both 1%). Albendazole (40.7%) was the most prescribed. Only 7.4% were appropriately prescribed antimicrobials. Age (p = 0.005) and BMI (p = 0.006) were significantly associated with infections.

Aneesa Abdul Rashid, Ai Theng Cheong, Ranita Hisham, Nurainul Hana Shamsuddin, Dalila Roslan

Effectiveness of pretend medical play in improving children’s health outcomes and well-being: a systematic review

The healthcare setting is stressful for many people, especially children. Efforts are needed to mitigate children’s healthcare-related anxiety. Medical play using the Teddy Bear Hospital (TBH) concept can expose children to healthcare settings and help them develop positive experiences in these settings. In this role-playing game, children bring their soft toys and act as parents to the ‘sick’ teddies in a pretend hospital or clinic play setting. The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of the TBH in improving children’s health outcomes and well-being.